October 2016 | DNA Encyclopedia

What is mitosis?

Mitosis is one of the two types of cell division. It is the way cells in the body reproduce and is what is responsible for all your cells. It is used to grow and to replace old cells. During the process of mitosis, all the cell’s contents are copied and the cell splits into two… read more »

What is a gene?

Gene is a heredity unit of life at a molecular level. It represents a specific set of nucleosides at a particular region/locus on the DNA[1,2]. Each trait that appears in an individual is representative of a particular gene or set of genes. Usually, the traits are represented by polygenes (multiple genes). Definition Genetic traits are… read more »

What are proteins and what do they do?

Proteins are an incredibly important and diverse group of molecules. They’re everywhere, and every living organism needs them to survive. In fact, if you were to take some cells from any organism and remove all the water from them, over 50% of the remaining weight would be protein. There are millions of different proteins, which… read more »