Wikis | DNA Encyclopedia

What are proteins and what do they do?

Proteins are an incredibly important and diverse group of molecules. They’re everywhere, and every living organism needs them to survive. In fact, if you were to take some cells from any organism and remove all the water from them, over 50% of the remaining weight would be protein. There are millions of different proteins, which… read more »

RNA vs DNA – the Differences

Nucleic acids such as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are large biological molecules that are the foundation of life.  Our genetic code comes from DNA. Mutations or damage to DNA contributes to serious complications in genetic code. Contents1 Function2 Structure3 Stability4 Replication5 Genetic mutations6 Conclusion7 References Function RNA translates the proteins that keep us… read more »

DNA Polymerase

Contents1 What is DNA polymerase?2 Where is DNA polymerase?3 How does DNA polymerase work?4 What does DNA polymerase look like?5 What if DNA polymerase makes a mistake?6 How can DNA polymerase be used in science? 7 References What is DNA polymerase? DNA Polymerase is the molecule responsible for making a copy of every cell’s genome…. read more »

Recombinant DNA

Recombinant DNA, or rDNA, is a strand of DNA that is artificially created by combining two separate pieces of DNA into one DNA molecule. Often, these two pieces of DNA come from two different organisms of two unique species. There are three methods to make rDNA. These are transformation, phage introduction and non-bacterial transformation. However,… read more »

Genetic Genealogy: Understanding Ancestry DNA

The human body is miraculous. Twenty-three pairs of microscopic chromosomes, or complex protein-DNA structures, determine the recipe for what makes you, you. Sperm and eggs contain one copy of each of these twenty-three chromosomes. Each DNA strand contains a code, like a computer, for many different traits. When a sperm and an egg are generated… read more »

How To Make A DNA Model

In this article, we are going to outline a straightforward solution for making a DNA model. For this method, the nuts and bolts are: licorice sticks, colored gum drops and toothpicks. Background: Before starting out, it is important to understand what we are going to build. We are going to make a twisted ladder that… read more »

What Is DNA Replication

When talking about genetics, the term ‘DNA replication’ usually comes out. While people are very interested in the subject, most of them do not even know what DNA is, let alone what is DNA replication. They know that DNA is very important and that it has a major part in the developing and functioning of… read more »

What is DNA Barcoding

DNA is one of the most important elements in the human body, because it contains every genetic information of an individual. Deoxyribonucleic acid, which is what is DNA, is the hereditary material in almost all the living organisms in the world. As a result, DNA barcoding did not take long to appear. What is DNA… read more »

General Information on DNA and Cloning

Not once you have heard of scientists talking about DNA structures and DNA mutation. Surely, you have wondered what DNA is? DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid and it is a nucleic acid containing the genetic instructions used in the development and the functioning of all living organisms. The DNA segments carrying this genetic information are… read more »

What Does DNA Stand For?

DNA stands for DeoxyriboNucleic Acid DNA, the acronym for Deoxyribonucleic Acid, stands for the key foundation on which the structure of life is built. DNA and what does it stand for? Deoxyribose – This is a sugar, known chemically as a pentose, a five-carbon sugar. Nucleic – Refers to the location of DNA inside the nucleus…. read more »