RNA vs DNA – the Differences

Nucleic acids such as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are large biological molecules that are the foundation of life.  Our genetic code comes from DNA. Mutations or damage to DNA contributes to serious complications in genetic code. Function RNA translates the proteins that keep us alive. Not only are these molecules the basis for… read more »

DNA Polymerase

What is DNA polymerase? DNA Polymerase is the molecule responsible for making a copy of every cell’s genome. You may hear it referred to as a protein, an enzyme or a molecule; all of these are correct. In order for a cell to divide effectively, a copy needs to be made of all of the… read more »

Recombinant DNA

Recombinant DNA, or rDNA, is a strand of DNA that is artificially created by combining two separate pieces of DNA into one DNA molecule. Often, these two pieces of DNA come from two different organisms of two unique species. There are three methods to make rDNA. These are transformation, phage introduction and non-bacterial transformation. However,… read more »

Genetic Genealogy: Understanding Ancestry DNA

The human body is miraculous. Twenty-three pairs of microscopic chromosomes, or complex protein-DNA structures, determine the recipe for what makes you, you. Sperm and eggs contain one copy of each of these twenty-three chromosomes. Each DNA strand contains a code, like a computer, for many different traits. When a sperm and an egg are generated… read more »